Tag Archives: nuclear safety

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster Eight Years On: Resources to Improve Safety, Security, and Preparedness

This month marks the 8th anniversary of the nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in Japan. This incident highlights the importance of creating a culture of safety and planning to assure that we are prepared even in situations beyond our expectations. Our reports address best practices and risk management at nuclear facilities, and emergency preparedness and public health response in the event of a nuclear incident. All are free to download.

Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants

The March 11, 2011, Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami sparked a humanitarian disaster in northeastern Japan. They were responsible for more than 15,900 deaths and 2,600 missing persons as well as physical infrastructure damages exceeding …

[more]

Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety and Security of U.S. Nuclear Plants: Phase 2

The U.S. Congress asked the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a technical study on lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident for improving safety and security of commercial nuclear power plants in the United States. This …

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Nationwide Response Issues After an Improvised Nuclear Device Attack: Medical and Public Health Considerations for Neighboring Jurisdictions: Workshop Summary

Our nation faces the distinct possibility of a catastrophic terrorist attack using an improvised nuclear device (IND), according to international and U.S. intelligence. Detonation of an IND in a major U.S. city would result in tens of thousands …

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Brazil-U.S. Workshop on Strengthening the Culture of Nuclear Safety and Security: Summary of a Workshop

On August 25-26, 2014, the Instituto de Pesquisas Energ├ęticas e Nucleares (IPEN) and the National Research Council of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences convened the Brazil-U.S. Workshop on Strengthening the Culture of Nuclear Safety …

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Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage: Public Report

In response to a request from Congress, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Department of Homeland Security sponsored a National Academies study to assess the safety and security risks of spent nuclear fuel stored in cooling pools and …

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Science and Technology for DOE Site Cleanup: Workshop Summary

The Department of Energy’s Office of Environmental Management is developing a technology roadmap to guide planning and possible future congressional appropriations for its technology development programs. It asked the National Research Council of …

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Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident

Radioactive iodines are produced during the operation of nuclear power plants and during the detonation of nuclear weapons. In the event of a radiation incident, radioiodine is one of the contaminants that could be released into the …

[more]

Assessing Medical Preparedness to Respond to a Terrorist Nuclear Event: Workshop Report

A nuclear attack on a large U.S. city by terrorists–even with a low-yield improvised nuclear device (IND) of 10 kilotons or less–would cause a large number of deaths and severe injuries. The large number of injured from the detonation and …

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Fukushima Daiichi Four Years Later – Lessons for U.S. Nuclear Safety

JAPAN-DISASTER-ANNIVERSARY-NUCLEAR
Photo credit: rt.com

Four years ago today, the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami initiated a severe nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Japan continues to work to recover from the resulting loss of life and infrastructure, as well as the economic and environmental damage. If a crisis of this magnitude occurred on American soil, one that exceeded the design of plant structures and led to a loss of critical safety functions of our nuclear structures, would we be better prepared to handle it? Reports from the National Research Council consider lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi disaster and examine the safety of U.S. nuclear plants.

Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants

The March 11, 2011, Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami sparked a humanitarian disaster in northeastern Japan. They were responsible for more than 15,900 deaths and 2,600 missing persons as well as physical infrastructure damages exceeding …

[more]

The Science of Responding to a Nuclear Reactor Accident: Summary of a Symposium

The Science of Responding to a Nuclear Reactor Accident summarizes the presentations and discussions of the May 2014 Gilbert W. Beebe Symposium titled “The Science and Response to a Nuclear Reactor Accident”. The symposium, dedicated in …

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Research on Health Effects of Low-Level Ionizing Radiation Exposure: Opportunities for the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute

It is probably only a matter of time before we witness the next event in which large numbers of people are exposed to ionizing radiation. In the past, planning a response to such an occurrence would have likely focused on the management of …

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Best Practices for Risk-Informed Decision Making Regarding Contaminated Sites: Summary of a Workshop Series

The Department of Energy’s Office of Environmental Management’s (EM) mission is the safe cleanup of sites associated with the government-led development of nuclear weapons and nuclear energy. While many of these legacy sites have completed …

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Wormwood Forest: A Natural History of Chernobyl

When a titanic explosion ripped through the Number Four reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant in 1986, spewing flames and chunks of burning, radioactive material into the atmosphere, one of our worst nightmares came true. As the news gradually …

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Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage: Public Report

In response to a request from Congress, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Department of Homeland Security sponsored a National Academies study to assess the safety and security risks of spent nuclear fuel stored in cooling pools and dry …

[more]

Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident

Radioactive iodines are produced during the operation of nuclear power plants and during the detonation of nuclear weapons. In the event of a radiation incident, radioiodine is one of the contaminants that could be released into the environment. …

[more]